Negros is an island of the Philippines located in the Visayas. It is the third largest island in the country, with a land area of 13,328.4 square kilometres (5,146.1 sq mi). Inhabitants of the island are called Negrenses, the name of the Filipino island means Blacks in the Spanish language.
Politically and linguistically, Negros is divided into two provinces: Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental, comprising the Negros Island Region. This division of the island, which roughly follows the mountain range in the center of the island, corresponds to the two ethno-linguistic groups. The western part (Occidental) is where the Ilonggo or Hiligaynon-speaking Negrenses are located, and the eastern portion (Oriental) is home to the Cebuano-speaking population, although other places in Negros Occidental majorly speak Cebuano.
The island is further subdivided into 19 cities (18 component cities and 1 highly urbanized city) and 38 municipalities. Chief cities on the island are Bacolod in Negros Occidental and Dumaguete in Negros Oriental.
Negros is noted for being the country’s prime producer of sugar. Sugar cane plantations abound in the agricultural areas of the island. The island also produces cotton.
Kanlaon Volcano in the northern part of the island is one of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines, and overlooks Bacolod. It is the highest peak on the island as well as of all the Visayas region. Other notable peaks on the island are Mount Silay and Mount Mandalagan in Negros Occidental, and Cuernos de Negros in Negros Oriental.
The volcanic activity in Negros is harvested into electricity through two geothermal power plants in the island. One is located in Palinpinon, Negros Oriental, and the other, to open in 2007, is in Mailum, Negros Occidental.